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A common disorder for many, the phenomenon of heavy legs is due to chronic venous insufficiency.
The veins of the lower limbs have an onerous task: to make the blood go up to the heart, that is to make it travel about a meter and a half! When we walk, the vessels on the soles of the feet are compressed and push the blood upwards. Then the calves intervene which, by contracting, allow the blood to continue its ascension.
But all these efforts are useless if the blood goes down under the force of gravity. To prevent this, the veins are equipped with non-return devices, the so-called valves. It may happen that these valves, located at intervals of 2-5 centimeters, do not work perfectly … this is what happens in venous insufficiency. Blood flows slowly and stagnates (venous stasis).
The veins of the lower limbs have the onerous task of bringing blood back to the heart.
The symptoms of venous insufficiency are then seen: heavy and / or swollen legs, pains, cramps, etc. In some cases, venous stasis increases the pressure in the veins to the point of making them visible on the skin surface (varices).
Symptoms worsen with heat and lack of movement (standing or sitting too long). Hot baths and epilation (wax or electric epilator) should also be prohibited. Venous return improves with regular leg exercises, as well as wearing supportive tights or stockings.
Venotonic drugs, available without a prescription, can also give good results. For example, the efficacy of horse chestnut extract in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency has been proven in numerous clinical studies. Finally, in case of severe and persistent pain, consult a doctor or an angiologist (specialist in diseases of the blood and lymphatic vessels).
I am a medical student studying at the Facultad de Medicina – UBA – Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina with the final objective in specialization for biological chemistry, cellular and molecular biology, human anatomy and physiology. In addition to studying, I spend most of my free time writing and researching alternative medicines.