In today’s emerging world, when people are not able to take out time for a good daily walk or simply exercise, most of them resort to gyms and a fixed time is allotted to fitness so that one can keep themselves fit and healthy. However, only a few people know, too much exercise is damaging to your health and body in many ways. It not only affects your skeletal system but also has effects on your gut and nervous system.
PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF OVER-TRAINING:
- Increased resting heart rate
- Decreased appetite
- Restless legs
- Constant fatigue
- Amenorrhoea in women
- Osteoporosis as a result of amenorrhoea
- Decreased libido in men
MENTAL EFFECTS OF OVER-TRAINING:
- Poor mood
- Irritable behavior
- Disturbed sleep or even Insomnia
A few of these effects are discussed here in detail to give you a clear explanation of how our body gets affected by excessive exercise and gym training.
People who regularly perform cardio exercises, (the ones that rapidly increase your heart rate), are more prone to abnormalities in heart rhythms as the heart muscles go through permanent changes over the period of their gym training that are cardio toxic. These may cause arrhythmia in later stages and lead to cardiac arrest eventually. Previously it was considered that trainers and athletes go through cardiac problems due to tobacco and nicotine intake. However, latest research shows excessive exercise is the cause.
IMMUNE SYSTEM EFFECTS:
The adrenal gland located just above your kidneys releases a hormone named cortisol during periods of stress. This prevents the muscles from inflammations and wear and tear. A synthetic form of this hormone has been created and most athletes keep injecting themselves with it during their training etc. However, research has shown that although cortisol has anti-inflammatory activity, it also has immune-suppressant properties. As a result of injecting cortisol over and over again, the immune system of these trainers and athletes goes into rest and they become more prone to fall victim to many ailments.
The hormone cortisol not only is immune-suppressant, but it also has negative effects on bone health. As long as cortisol is present in your blood, it takes out more bone tissue from the bones rather than what is being deposited. As a result, the skeletal system becomes weak and the person is more prone to fractures.
Studies reveal that chronic gym trainers and clinically diagnose depression patients present the same biochemical markers. Serotonin is a hormone known as the happy hormone and is responsible to bring happiness and feeling of wellness. Chronic training at the gym hinders the release of Serotonin and Tryptophan, hence can contribute to lead to depression and even suicidal thoughts.
According to McLeod and Spendlove, rest days are important for overall health and performance, and can actually help you reach your goals more easily and quickly. This means regular exercise is not essentially important just every day. Just a 45-minute brisk walk 4 times a week is ideally enough to keep one fit. However, training with regular breaks and in limited time can do more good than harm, but make sure not to overdo it.
Apart for being a busy IT executive, Tito has a passion for cooking for friends and family and is a first class wines connoisseur.