Muscle tear, what it is and how to cure it? One of the most common muscle injuries that are present in a physiotherapy practice in general can be muscle straining or tearing. It is not necessarily a very serious injury as long as it’s treated properly and the professional advice of the concerned physiotherapist listens to the patient. In fact, almost all sorts of muscle strains and tears can be treated successfully by a trained physiotherapist with the right care and medication.
What is it?
What is a muscle strain? Muscle strains are a common occurrence during regular daily activities. Swelling or soreness of muscles occurs due to strained muscles through repetitive, vigorous exercise.
After what is a muscle tear, the patient may suffer from permanent damage to the tendon and ligaments that attach muscles to the bone. These injuries can occur in multiple areas of a body and result in different levels of disability.
Muscle strains, while far less severe than a serious injury such as a heart attack, can have a long-lasting effect on a person’s physical well being and quality of life. Swelling, severe soreness, and loss of use all occur with a muscle tear.
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What is a muscle fiber?
A muscle fiber is a long thin filament made up of myoglobin, which is similar to water. When a muscle contraction occurs, the myoglobin changes its structure, altering its shape and creating a tiny, sharp fiber. When a muscle fiber is torn, the myoglobin becomes too damaged for the muscles to absorb, which causes the damage.
Muscle Strain Categories
There are two categories of muscle strain and they are identified as Grade A and Grade B. Grade A muscle injury happens when there is considerable pain for more than a couple of days and there are no other obvious signs of injury. Muscle strains usually occur during intense exercising when the muscle is strained to a point that it loses its ability to contract or relax. Grade B is the least serious and can heal itself in a few weeks if proper rest is taken. However, Grade A is a severe injury and it requires immediate medical attention.
Injuries caused by Grade A muscle strain can be healed in one to two weeks. The affected area should be kept under medical observation and precautions. Pain relief medications should be prescribed and precautions taken to avoid further aggravation to the affected area. Grade A injuries can cause chronic pain and require ongoing medication. Grade B injuries may cause minimal pain but can recur and extend the time between muscle contractions.
Muscle tears surgery is the best option for serious injuries to any one of the four sets of muscles. Most of these surgeries are minor and do not involve major disfigurement to the person who has undergone the surgery.
A complete rupture of a muscle involves complete tearing of both the collagen and elastin fibers. This type of injury requires immediate treatment to minimize the chance of permanent damage. A doctor may recommend grade IV or V complete ruptures, which require hospitalization and prolonged rehabilitation. Some of these injuries can be treated without hospitalization at home by using ice, rest, and over the counter pain medications. If a person has a mild muscle tear, rest is enough to reduce the pain and swelling.
Complete muscle tears happen very rarely through physical activity. Most tears occur during strenuous exercise such as weightlifting or running. It’s also possible for a minor tear to occur during everyday activities, such as stretching without proper form. This is why it’s important to pay attention to proper form when doing stretching exercises.
I am a medical student studying at the Facultad de Medicina – UBA – Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina with the final objective in specialization for biological chemistry, cellular and molecular biology, human anatomy and physiology. In addition to studying, I spend most of my free time writing and researching alternative medicines.